October 10, 2013

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Musings Inspired by a 4" Observation

north to right image by Luc Cathala, Mazan in Vaucluse in France

On Tuesday evening while observing with my 4" achromat (Venus was a riot of colors) the center of Janssen was obviously raised, looking like a rough textured log. Luc's excellent view with a telescope of six times larger aperture shows that the high region is the well-known mound cut by the 8 km wide Janssen Rille (which was invisible to me). I have speculated before that the mound could be ejecta from Fabricius (with its one-clawed lobster mountain), but that would mean that the rille is younger than Fabricius, which is unlikely because that crater is young enough to have well-preserved impact melt on its floor. It is surprising that the rille goes all the way to the crater rim crest, and while it is filled in somewhat it is not completely buried by Fabricius ejecta. However, the southern end of the Rille seems to be cut by secondary craters from Fabricius. Another 40 year old interpretation is that the mound is ejecta from the formation of the Nectaris Basin which probably occurred sometime near 4 b.y. ago. The rille, however, is probably much younger than that, but unlikely to be as old as Fabricius. The stratigraphy would be that Janssen formed after the large crater that it overlaps to the north, then Nectaris happened emplacing the mound, which some time later was cut by the rille (why did it form?), and later still Fabricius cut through them all. What do you think?

Chuck Wood

Technical Details
26/07/13 at 3h28 UT with a 625 mm (diameter) F/D 4.37 newtonian telescope + barlow 2 with average turbulence. IR filter with a Point grey Flea 3 camera. 800 pictures stacked over 3000 with Autostackker 2 and treated by ondelettes with Registax 6. Picture at 120 % for details.

Related Links
21st Century Atlas chart 5 .
Fabricius was the first to write a paper on sunspots.

Yesterday's LPOD: Side-Squashed

Tomorrow's LPOD: Terminalogy Tutor


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