July 12, 2008
left image (south to right) from Lunar Orbiter V-103 and right (south up) from JAXA/Kaguya Image Gallery
The best defined flow on the Moon is made of highland impact melt rather than basaltic lava. The Wiener F crater sits on the rim of a pre-existing slightly larger crater, causing F's northern rim (foreground) to be lower than the southern one. A massive mound of material at the bottom of the southern rim resulted from a huge landslide, creating the steep slope of that rim. The giant slump sloshed impact melt that was on the crater floor up over the opposite lower rim. Some of the southern wall debris created mounds and hills on F's floor. This sequence demonstrates that the impact melt covered F's floor before the wall collapses occurred, but they happened soon enough after the crater formed so that the melt was still liquid. Most of the details of the crater floor is in shadow on the Orbiter image, making it look like the flow started on the rim and hence possibly erupted from a rim fracture. The Kaguya image tells the rest of the story.
Taken by the HDTV camera Feb 13, 2008.
Clementine Atlas plate 31
Yesterday's LPOD: No More Crater
Tomorrow's LPOD: The Youngest Large Crater On the Moon?