August 21, 2017

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Polar Wandering

Originally published February 2, 2008
image by mailto/Rob Kaufman, Bright, Victoria, Australia

The LPOD Photo Gallery now has over 3000 images and continues to be a fertile source for LPODs. This is a recent submission that is striking in its ingenious illustration of the effects of libration in latitude, the monthly tilting of opposite poles of the Moon toward Earth. Normally, libration is illustrated by showing how a limb region is tilted into view, but Rob found a new way to dramatically depict the effects of libration. The two quarter phase images were taken over the last 15 days. At first quarter on Jan 16, the southern hemisphere was tipped towards Earth by 6.1°, and two weeks later we could see 6.2° over the northern pole (see US Naval Observatory for libration calculator). Rob has anchored these two images to the 26 km diameter crater Mösting (within four white marks at center of image) which is near the average center of the Moon as seen from Earth. When there is a strong southern libration, as on Jan 16, the apparent center of the Moon is south of Mösting, and on the 29th the apparent center is north of the average position. The extension of each image at top and bottom shows how good librations stretch out the center to pole distance, improving viewing geometry for a whole hemisphere. On both of these dates the libration in longitude was less than a degree so the two images match well at Mösting.

Chuck Wood

The image sets a record - I think it is the first LPOD shot with a Tasco telescope! Its not the telescope that makes an LPOD, but the skill and creativity of the imager.

Technical Details
16 & 29 Jan 08. Tasco 4.5" f8 reflector, Celestron NexImage. Mosaics created in Serif Panorama Plus 1; composite created in Photoshop CS2.

Related Links
Rükl plate 43 (Mösting)
Rob's other images

Yesterday's LPOD: Things That Go Bump in the Night

Tomorrow's LPOD: "Much More Rugged Than Previously Understood"


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